Understand that an underlying medical condition can interfere with your potty training efforts (e.g., urinary tract infection (UTI), lower urinary tract disease (LUTD), bladder stones, incontinence or a medical issue) as well as an anxiety component (e.g., separation anxiety).
It is best to address these matters first:
- Make sure your pet is confined when you are unable to directly supervise it.
- Use the same area for potty training every time; praise or give your pet a treat when that area is used.
- Don’t discipline your pet if you find soiled areas outside of the training area. Your pet won’t connect the discipline to the destructive behavior if time has lapsed.
- Clean spots with an enzymatic-type cleaner to remove the scent.
- Physically pick your pet up and immediately take to the appropriate area if you catch it soiling in an undesignated area.
An underlying medical condition can interfere with your cat properly using the litter box (e.g., UTI, bladder stones, lower urinary tract disease(LUTD), incontinence or a medical issue) so it’s important to address medical concerns first. And, if your cat can’t urinate, this can be an extremely serious and even fatal problem. If a medical problem has been ruled out:
- Make sure the litter box is clean.
- Have one more box than the number of cats you have in your household (two cats=three boxes).
- Put the litter box in an area that is accessible to your cat.
- Try different types of litter boxes and litter.
- Use foil or plastic wrap on areas where your cat frequently goes. The change in texture can help to make going in that area uncomfortable.
- Clean spots with an enzymatic-type cleaner to remove any scent.